REICHSTEIN, TADEUS (1897–1996), Swiss organic chemist, endocrinologist, and 1950 Nobel laureate. Reichstein was born in Wloclawek, Poland, and his family moved to Zurich in 1908. He became professor of organic chemistry at Zurich in 1934 and in 1938 joined Basle University as head of the Institute of Pharmacy. In 1933 he succeeded in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), the first total synthesis of a vitamin. He worked on other aspects of organic chemistry, and in 1934 began the isolation of the hormones of the adrenal cortex. He separated and characterized some 30 different steroids from adrenal glands, the most outstandingly important being corticosterone, cortisone, and cortisol, which are among the therapeutics used for sufferers from arthritis. In 1950 he, together with the Americans E.C. Kendall and P. Hench, was awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects." Reichstein used his Nobel prize money for other research work at the University of Basle.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: T.N. Levitan, Laureates: Jewish Winners of the Nobel Prize (1960), 161–3; L.G. Stevenson; Nobel Prize Winners in Medicine and Physiology, 19011950 (1953), 272–83; Chimia, 11 (1957), 205; Chemiker Zeitung, 81 (1957), 506. (Samuel Aaron Miller)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Reichstein, Tadeus — ▪ 1997       Polish born Swiss chemist (b. July 20, 1897, Wloclawek, Pol. d. Aug. 1, 1996, Basel, Switz.), identified the steroid hormones of the adrenal cortex and studied their structure and biological effects. For his role in this discovery,… …   Universalium

  • Reichstein , Tadeus — (1897–1996) Polish–Swiss biochemist Reichstein, the son of an engineer, was born in Wloclawek, Poland, and educated at the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, where he obtained his PhD in 1922. After some years in industry, Reichstein… …   Scientists

  • Reichstein,Tadeus — Reich·stein (rīkʹstīn , rīKHʹshtīn ), Tadeus. 1897 1996. Polish born Swiss chemist. He shared a 1950 Nobel Prize for discoveries concerning the hormones of the adrenal cortex. * * * …   Universalium

  • Reichstein, Tadeus — (b. 1897)    Swiss organic chemist and Nobel laureate, 1950. Reichstein was born in Poland and brought up in Switzerland. In 1933 he and his colleagues synthesized ascorbic acid (vitamin C), and in the same year he began his major work, isolating …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Reichstein, Tadeus — (b. 1897)    Swiss chemist. Born in Poland, he grew up in Switzerland. In 1938 he became head of the Institute of Pharmacy at Basle University. In 1950 he shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Reichstein, Tadeus — ► (n. 1897) Químico suizo. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1950, compartido con E. C. Ken dall y P. S. Hench, por aislar hormonas cristalizadas, entre ellas la cortisona …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reichstein — Tadeus …   Scientists

  • Reichstein — Reichstein, Tadeus …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tadeus Reichstein — Tadeus Reichstein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tadeus Reichstein — (Włocławek (Polonia), 20 de julio de 1897 1 de agosto de 1996) nació en el seno de una familia judía en Polonia. Estudió Medicina en la Universidad de Zúrich. Posteriormente se tras …   Wikipedia Español

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